Ludovica Moro (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Avvocato (admitted to the bar of Mantova, Italy)
Registered European Lawyer for England and Wales (Direct Access accredited)
- Public International Law
- Rule of law, Human Rights and capacity building
- Employment Disputes within International Organisations (representation, advocacy and mediation)
- Consultancy and advice on the internal law of International Organisations
- Construct of Integrity Compliance Programmes
While at the OSCE, Ludovica assisted the Legal Services and the HR Department advising on several HR policy issues and on many personnel cases in the field of employment law. In this regard, she researched the privileges and immunities of the international civil servants, the Staff Rules and Regulations, the Financial Instructions and the organisation’s internal justice system in order to best assist it in responding to staff complaints and appeals.
She also assisted in the revision of internal policies on a variety of subject matters, e.g., budget and financial issues, project cycle, human resources strategies. Moreover, she advised on the long-lasting issue of the legal personality of political organisations, the Permanent Council’s recommendations and decisions, the legal framework of the organisation’s structure and its compliance with international standards. Ludovica also undertook several comparative studies and conducted research on other international organisations’ systems and legal frameworks, with particular focus on the case-law of UN Tribunals (UNAT and UNDT) and of the ILOAT.
Ludovica is also experienced in the private civil and corporate law sector, having worked on several transnational and international cases both in Italy and in Austria.
Ludovica recently provided consultancy services within the Human Resources Section of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), mainly advising on HR and Administration policies, staff rules and regulations and appeal processes. This gave her the opportunity to gain a deep insight of the organisation’s functioning and a valuable insider’s perspective, a useful instrument in approaching international administrative law cases.
Furthermore, Ludovica strengthened her knowledge and experience in the field of IAL (especially with regard to employment and pension rights) by consulting and advising civil servants and staff associations operating in a number of international organisations and financial institutions such as, inter alia, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the World Bank Group (WBG), the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) and the European Patent Office (EPO).
Ludovica has an extensive experience of International Organisations Law having worked with different international bodies in Vienna. During her time at the Permanent Mission of Italy to the International Organizations in Vienna, she reported to the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on several UN-related topics. In particular, she advised on anti-corruption and organised crime issues with focus on the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC) and the United Nations Convention on Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC), cybercrime, drugs and human rights Working Groups and Conferences of the States Parties, developing at the same time diplomatic skills.
Ludovica was involved in many rule of law initiatives and projects carried out by the OSCE, especially in the Balkans and in Central Asia. In particular, she contributed to the development of a rule of law/capacity building project in Croatia, aimed at the training of legal practitioners, judges and NGOs representatives active in the human rights field. This included training on monitoring war crimes trials in compliance with international standards and best practices with particular emphasis on the International Criminal Court (ICC) and the International Criminal Tribunal for the ex-Yugoslavia (ICTY) standards and procedures. Ludovica worked on the realisation of international trainings and a study trip to The Hague to increase the capacity of Croatian legal professionals and to train them on international war crimes trials standards, helping to ensure that trials held in Croatian Courts are conducted in compliance with international best practices. The project achieved the establishment of a better relationship between the judiciary and civil society. One of the main project objectives was to help NGOs active in war crimes trial monitoring to rethink their activists’ perspective with a view to embrace a more independent and impartial point of view in their reports.
Among other human rights issues, Ludovica provided advice to the Office of the Special Representative in Combating Trafficking in Human Beings in projects and activities related to the Ukrainian crisis and the Transnistrian conflict. In particular, she advised on trainings for OSCE conflict zones’ monitors in recognizing and reporting human trafficking cases in order to both prosecute traffickers and better assist victims of trafficking, stressing the distinction between trafficking forms and migration.
Ludovica provided advice also on educational projects such as the professional training of social workers and government’s representatives from the Ministries of Social Affairs of Moldova, Ukraine and Belarus on the most updated international standards in the educational system of children without parental care.
After her master’s degree in Law at the University of Parma in 2009, Ludovica completed her legal training partly in Italy and partly in Vienna (Austria) in an international law firm where she mainly dealt with Italian and international clients, working inter alia on commercial law and unfair competition cases. Ludovica then completed her professional education by passing the bar exam in Italy. Since 2013, she has been admitted to “Ordine degli Avvocati di Mantova” and she holds the title of “Avvocato”, Italian qualified lawyer.
Ludovica has always had an international vocation, and after her Italian education, she started working in Vienna in 2010, first in private practice, then as a Legal Assistant at the Permanent Mission of Italy to the International Organisations. Her work had a special focus on Vienna-based International Organisations such as the United Nations Office for Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO). In 2012, Ludovica joined the Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe (OSCE) where she worked until the beginning of 2015 in different capacities and covering diversified roles.
Within the OSCE, she mainly worked for the Legal Services Unit as Legal and Project Consultant. She also provided advice to the Human Resources Department (Recruitment Section) and to the Office of the Special Representative in Combating Trafficking in Human Beings (OSR/CTHB). Ludovica advised on many employment cases, rule of law projects and human rights issues. She also holds experience in advocacy and litigation, representing clients before Italian and Austrian Courts. She has also acted on behalf of an Austrian consulting company as in-house legal counsel.
Ludovica joined BWL in June 2015, and has since qualified to practise in England and Wales. She is accredited to accept work through Direct Access without the need for a solicitor, having successfully completed the Public Access and the Litigation courses.
Ludovica is a native Italian speaker and is fluent in English and German. She also speaks basic French and Spanish. She has travelled across Europe and the Americas and she is interested in history and ancient architecture. She is also an avid reader of historical and crime novels, and interested in current affairs, lifestyle and fashion.
Marler is an established expert in the rule of law and public international law generally. I have seen him at work over the years and he is impressive. A barrister with a quick mind, an eloquent tongue and a talent with a pen, as well as having a keen sense of humour. I selected him to be my General Counsel at EQ-G for a reason.General Sir David Richards GCB CBE DSO (former UK CDS and now Lord Richards of Hertsmonceux)
Lawyers in private practice with talent and expertise in resolving MDB sanctions cases are few and far between, but Lee Marler is one of them. He has proven himself time and again to be knowledgeable and highly effective. He is also a fine advocate and draftsman, and this is why I instruct him – where necessary – to assist IACD in its efforts to curb corruption on AfDB financed projects.Anna Bossman, Director, AfDB’s Integrity and Anticorruption Department (“IACD”)
An unparalleled blend of legal expertise in the area of International Administrative Law and an understanding of the mindset and functioning of legal departments at international institutions.”Zbigniew Kominek, Former Chair, EBRD Staff Council